Robotics is a branch of technology which brings together several different areas of engineering skills such as electronics, computer science, artificial intelligence and bio engineering.The term robotics refers to the study and use of robots. This technology deals with programmable mechanical device which can perform tasks without the help of human interaction.
Now have a look on its past and robotics in the modern word.
Robots seems like a modern day invention but in reality evidence suggests that automation were created for everything from toys to parts for religious ceremonies in ancient Greece and Rome Leonardo da Vinci sketched plans for a humanoid robot in the late 1400s. When it comes to robots, reality still lags science fiction. But, just because robots have not lived up to their promise in past decades does not mean that they will not arrive sooner or later indeed, the confluence of several advanced technologies is bringing the age of robotics ever nearer – smaller, cheaper, more practical and cost effective. In 1956 George Devol and Joseph Engelberger formed the world’ first robot company. By the 1960s robots were introduced into the general motors automobile plant in new jersey for moving car parts around with the formula of three B.
Brawn, Bone and Brain:
Brawn :- Strength relating to physical payload that a robot can move.
Bone :- The physical structure of a robot relative to the work it does; this determines the size and weight of the robot in relation to its physical payload.
Brain :- Robotics intelligence; what it can think to do independently, how much manual interaction is required.
Because of the way robots have been pictured in science fiction, many people expect robots to be human like in apparance, but in fact what a robot looks like is more related to the task or function it performs.
The number of robot in the world today is approaching 100000 with almost half the number in japan and just 15% in the US. A couple of decades ago 90% of robots were used in car manufacturing, typically on assembly lines doing a variety of repetitive tasks.Today only 50% are in automobile plants with the other half spreed out among other factories, laborotries, warehouses, energy plants, hospitals and many other industries. Even with primitive intelligence robots have demonstrated ability to generate good grains in factory productivity, efficiency and quality. Beyond that some of the smallest robots are not in manufacturing, they are used as space explorers, remotely operated surgeons and even pets like Sony’s AIBO mechanical dog.
Envisioning the future of robotics
Robotics is said to be the next technological revolution. Many seem to agree that robots will have a tremendous impact over the following years and some are heavily betting on it. Companies are investing billions buying other companies and public authorities are discussing legal frameworks to enable a coherent growth of robotics.
by Vikram Kumar
Roll no.- 1800101
Branch :- Mechanical, 2k18